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Vitamine C bij bloedvergiftiging*
Uit een studie weliswaar met muizen blijkt dat het toedienen van vitamine C wel eens een goedkope en effectieve behandeling kan zijn tegen een bloedvergiftiging (wetenschappelijke benaming sepsis). Sepsis is een ernstig, soms dodelijk verlopend ziektebeeld, dat wordt veroorzaakt door een infectie, meestal door bacteriŽn of hun producten (toxinen). Bloedvergiftiging is een ontstekingsreactie van het hele lichaam als reactie op die infectie, waarbij het immuunsysteem op hol slaat. Centraal staat ook een vermindering van de doorbloeding van de organen waardoor de toevoer en opname van zuurstof in het gedrang komt. De organen kunnen daardoor beschadigd raken. In de studie kregen de muizen een injectie met vitamine C waardoor de doorbloeding van alle organen 24 uur lang goed was. Verder onderzoek zal moeten aantonen of dit bij mensen ook zo is, want vitamine C is goedkoop, veilig en zonder bijwerkingen.
Vitamin C: A Potential Life-saving Treatment For Sepsis
Physicians caring for patients with sepsis may soon have a new safe and cost-effective treatment for this life-threatening illness. Research led by Dr. Karel Tyml and his colleagues at The University of Western Ontario and Lawson Health Research Institute have found that vitamin C can not only prevent the onset of sepsis, but can reverse the disease. 
Sepsis is caused by a bacterial infection that can begin anywhere in your body. Your immune system goes into overdrive, overwhelming normal processes in your blood. The result is that small blood clots form, blocking blood flow to vital organs. This can lead to organ failure. Babies, the elderly and those with weakened immune systems are most likely to get sepsis. But even healthy people can become deathly ill from the disease. 
According to Dr. Tyml, a professor at Western's Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, patients with severe sepsis have a high mortality rate, nearly 40 percent, because there is no effective treatment. 
"There are many facets to sepsis, but the one we have focused on for the past 10 years is the plugging of capillaries," says Dr. Tyml. Plugged capillaries prevent oxygenation and the supply of life-supporting materials to your organ tissue and stop the removal of metabolic waste product. Plugged capillaries are seen in organs of septic patients. These organs may eventually fail, leading to multiple organ failure and death. Dr. Tyml's lab was the first to discover this plugging by using intravital microscopy, a technique Dr. Tyml pioneered in Canada. 
According to Dr. Tyml's most recent publication, oxidative stress and the activated blood clotting pathway are the major factors responsible for the capillary plugging in sepsis. Through his research, Dr. Tyml has discovered that a single bolus of vitamin C injected early at the time of induction of sepsis, prevents capillary plugging. He has also found that a delayed bolus injection of vitamin C can reverse plugging by restoring blood flow in previously plugged capillaries. 
"Our research in mice with sepsis has found that early as well as delayed injections of vitamin C improves chance of survival significantly," explains Dr. Tyml. "Furthermore, the beneficial effect of a single bolus injection of vitamin C is long lasting and prevents capillary plugging for up to 24 hours post-injection." 
Dr. Tyml and his colleagues are eager to find appropriate support to move this research from the bench to the bedside to see if these findings translate to patients with sepsis. 
The potential benefit of this treatment is substantial. "Vitamin C is cheap and safe. Previous studies have shown that it can be injected intravenously into patients with no side effects," says Dr. Tyml. "It has the potential to significantly improve the outcome of sepsis patients world-wide. This could be especially beneficially in developing countries where sepsis is more common and expensive treatments are not affordable." 
Source: 
Kathy Wallis 
University of Western Ontario
(Maart 2011) 

 

 

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